November 28, 2018, 13:18
It is alleged that the first genetically modified children were born in Shenzhen. The future of humans is in the laboratories of China and the United States. And Europe, the source of human knowledge, refers to the past, says S. Raicheva.
The spirit came out of the bottle – genetically modified people are among us. According to Chinese scientist He Zhangwei, who led a scientific experiment, two girls who appeared a few weeks ago in Shenzhen, China, are the first human genes born with the edited genome. Twins there are children from a Chinese family where one of the parents is an HIV recipient. They are designed in vitro and are programmed to be resistant to the AIDS virus. An attempt to replace two mirror genes responsible for the immune response was successful only with one of the children. The latter is a mix that will not give him resistance. This first human experiment is possible thanks to CRISPR / CAS9 genetic technology.
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For benefits and damages
Genetic engineering is not new – humanity has, for 40 years, developed its tools for intervention in the genome of huge species. The great achievement of human DNA editing comes from CRISPR, a technology borrowed from bacteria and archeas of the natural defense mechanism. The discovery of bioenergy Jennifer Dudna and Emmanuel Sherpati in 2012 makes it possible to replace specific genes relatively easily and cheaply. Using the CAS9 protein, scissors are created that interrupts DNA precisely in place of the precisely identified RNA nucleotide. Using a healing mechanism, a new template DNA is introduced in the dual direction of the molecule. The acquired gene, which is passed on to future generations, because it is replaced at the embryonic stage.
Scientists say they created the first genetically modified children
This new method can become a victory over oncological and congenital diseases, leading to the creation of a generic new type of vaccine, a huge benefit for human health and longevity. But at the same time it could be another social order based on genetic inequality (or equation by means of a merger), the key could be the first step in generating new humanity in its evolutionary sense, could divide humanity in two parts. It depends on us where we will determine the border and it seems that we do not have the tools to create a unified, universal human approach, and simply will not have a border.
The girl was born from a frozen quarter of the century's embryo (PHOTOS)
Technology in the US and China has already reached the school's laboratory. A good step in the history of personal computers is its democratization in the 1980s, then its transformation into a daily topic and its economic benefits. However, in Germany, it is only allowed to work with laboratories licensed for genetic research with CRISPR. And England is the only European country that allows genetic experiments with humans in the early embryo. At that time, universities and private corporations in the United States and China are heading for huge steps in the genetic race, which, unlike the spacecraft, will really have consequences for humanity.
Scientists will map the genes of all our complex species on our planet
Where is Europe?
For the first time in history, the Old Continent is not a leader in science and technology. Europe, a source of human knowledge, philosophy and progress, relates to the past the future of humanity has laboratories in the USA and China. The genetic engineering revolution is taking place in front of our wide-open eyes. Available and unregulated, it transforms homo sapiens into an evolutionary demiurgue and paves the way for inconceivable inequalities and opportunities before humanity. The war against ultraviolet and patents for each person is a fact, and we, Europeans, not only do not participate in it, but as if we do not respect it.
Do we want "Designer Babies"?
Today, we decide how our children live in a world of genetic inequality with a market-driven approach to products such as longer life expectancy, free embryos and universal genetic vaccines. Today the first genetically modified children were born. Today, the first emotional robot gets Saul's citizenship. Today is the future of science fiction, worried about our children's minds in Simak and Asimov's books. And our isolated mankind, and even more so our undivided Europe, is totally unforeseen to meet the huge philosophical issues posed by the bioengineering revolution.
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