The fact that being a plan does not mean that it is healthy, and is considered overweight, does not mean that it is sick, we all know, but the problem is that more or less weight causes diseases that endanger quality of life.
To help control weight, the Acre government, through the State Health Department (Sesacre), is taking several measures that directly or indirectly contribute to obesity prevention.
The healthcare network is an obesity program that operates at the Hospital Clinic. Established in 2004, it currently has a multidisciplinary team consisting of a surgeon, an endocrinologist, a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a nutritionist and a speech therapist.
Patients in need of care are evaluated and become part of the program using a medical indication, observing the indicative parameters.
The Ministry of Health accepts Body Mass Index (BMI) as a parameter for clinical evaluation of the population. The BMI is from 35 to 40 kg / m, which can be indicated for bariatric surgery.
Since the beginning of the program, 83 baratic operations have taken place in Acre. The number could be much higher, but the program's help allows patients to lose weight without surgery.
"The patient program begins and starts to take all the steps necessary to change, not only because of activities but mainly for habits, which allows many to get healthy weight loss without a surgical procedure," explains Laura Maria Aroeira, person responsible for the obesity program.
Diseases and treatment
To combat obesity and prevent diseases such as hypertension, cardiac chamber hypertrophy, apnea, depression, type 2 diabetes, the easiest way is to adopt healthy practices such as proper nutrition as well as some physical activity.
"Obesity needs to be addressed with nutrition, physical activity, psychological and drug support, and in some cases with bariatric surgery," says Laura Aroeira.
A citizen can seek help from a national health network. With the report, a person can appoint specialist assistants in weight control, such as a nutritionist, endocrine system and in severe cases, doctors recommend taking medications and even surgery.
In the Acre state of the population, parks and fitness centers outdoors are available for free physical exercise.
An example of fixing is Angela Roberta de Souza. Seven years ago, the Das Clínic's obesity program was launched and, following a physician's schedule and making the necessary changes to the habits that allowed weight reduction, he undertook a barium surgery.
"Bariatric surgery is no wonder it helps, but you have to be prepared and purposeful not to abandon how much it does. Ahnela explains that an appropriate diet with physical exercises, even if home to help with this change.
In total, 70 kilograms were lost. Before the operation Angela immediately after the procedure smiled 150 pounds, went 130 and currently weighs 80 pounds, continuing with program specialists.
"My quality of life has improved over the years, today I'm pedaling, walking outside, I will avoid using the car, I go to the gym," he says.
Speaking about food relations, she explains that she began to eat healthier foods, stop drinking juice and replace her with juices.
"Even with changes in food, I continue to eat everything, but in small quantities, and I will shoot one or two times a month to eat goodies," adds Angela.
After the bariatric surgery, patients continue to receive follow-up from the HC program as they are long-term results and adequate follow-up measures are needed to make the change in the lives of patients.
In Brazil, data show that, even with increased concerns about food and lifestyle, Brazilian people who are overweight, which according to the Ministry of Health reach 54% of the overweight, are significantly increasing.
In terms of obesity, these figures are even more alarming in some age groups, and the DV have found that in ten years, the number of adults aged 18-24 years old living with obesity almost doubled all age groups (60%). In the 25 to 34 year bands, the increase was 69.0%; from 35 to 44 years (23.0%); 45 to 54 years old (14.0%); from 55 to 64 years (16.0%); and the elderly over the age of 65 increased by 2.0%.
In order to evaluate obesity and overweight, the MS study took into account the Body Mass Index (BMI), which calculates the individual by his own weight, and through him it is possible to find out the health risks of metabolic and other complications.