On Wednesday, we were able to test model 3, which is the most demanded electric car in the world. The Tesla baseline model is now starting in Austria and could help Stromer's sales figures jump. According to Eurostat, almost 21,000 electric cars were registered at the end of 2018. In the previous year, 2.1 million Stromers were sold worldwide. Although prevalence and acceptance in this country has risen sharply – ten years ago, Austrian stocks were still 146 e-cars – there is still some uncertainty among consumers that is holding back new registrations.
>>> Read: The first Tesla model 3 in Austria
Electric car for the actual test
It has now been used by ÖAMTC as an opportunity to look at the most important issues about electric cars. As a result of a large analysis, the Driving Club gives insights into topics such as range, cargo, safety and environmental friendliness.
What is the range of the e-car?
"Essentially, the range depends largely on the driver and the outside temperature, but of course, the size of the battery is also important: the larger the further you get," explains ÖAMTC chief engineer Thomas Hametner. Since the battery size is also very important for the purchase price, the drivers club sees that e-cars are used in urban traffic, where smaller and thus cheaper batteries are enough.
Do I need to pay attention while driving?
First of all, you have to check whether the charge condition is sufficient for the route. If you're on the road, the electric car is simple and pleasant. No switching is required, full engine power is available at any speed and speed, full and maximum torque. "The biggest difference compared to a conventional vehicle is recuperation, ie kinetic energy recovery. If you take your foot out of the accelerator pedal, the vehicle will slow down and the resulting energy will recharge your battery. braking, "says Hametner.
Where can I load my e-car?
You can load an e-charging station on the way. Since the number of charging points is significantly lower than the number of ordinary service stations, the journey should be planned more precisely. Essentially, this is possible at every outlet, but depending on the charging capacity – it's long, "says Hametner. Therefore, a wall box that can be installed by an electrician is important. Costs: 600 to 1000 Euros. Homeowners benefit at home – which, however, lives in a multi-party house, is more difficult because institutions, property management, other tenants, homeowners, etc. are usually needed, which also differs from the state.
How much does it cost me?
The cost depends on the car charge. In the house it costs very cheap about 20 cents per kilowatt-hour. How you depend on different service providers and terms. Hametner: "Some vendors charge under charging time, others pay for energy." Attention: there may also be parking costs. "Charging is done with charge cards." Many service providers are grouped into roaming associations and charge cards. "One example is the Austrian Federation of Electromobility. Attention: prices may vary widely depending on the service provider.
Is e-car safe for prisoners and rescuers?
"Crash tests show that e-cars meet the same safety standards as internal combustion engines – in the event of an emergency, the high-voltage system automatically shuts down," explains ÖAMTC chief engineer. If the fire service detects an accident vehicle as an e-car (a rescue card and a new green license number), special protective gloves are used. In general, many fire brigades – and even the ÖAMTC breaking drivers – are specially trained for working with electric cars.
How much does an e-car cost?
As with vehicles with internal combustion engines, this is usually not the answer – the choice of models is too wide. From around 20,000 to 100,000 euros, the price range is currently sufficient.
What subsidies are there?
Anyone who decides to buy as a private person is supported by various subsidies and bonuses. This applies not only to the purchase of the vehicle itself, which is financed by the net EUR 3000 but also to the charging infrastructure, such as wall boxes. In addition, some countries and municipalities have additional subsidies and no NoVA and motor-related insurance taxes.
Is E-Car Really Environmentally Friendly?
"To answer this question, the vehicle has to be seen as one," says Hametner. "So the action is emission-free, but battery and electricity production to charge very good emissions." Depending on the basic assumption (especially the battery size and power combination), you need to travel by e-car, so 40,000 to 60,000 kilometers to actually be more CO2-neutral on the road than with a diesel engine or a petrol vehicle. More details can be found in the expert report "Mobility 2030".
Tesla model in the 3 big test
The 4.70 meter model 3 doesn't look like anything else in the world, but it clearly stands out from conventional vehicles.
The special form is excellent aerodynamics.
Red supports, 20 inch wheels and …
… the carbon back edge differs from the performance variant.
Schweinwerfer as Klupschaugen and the missing grill made Model 3 look friendly.
The charging port is located on the left front of the rear lamp.
The easy-to-use 365 liter rack is only available with a relatively small hatch.
Thanks to the electric platform under the front cover, a 60-liter luggage compartment.
Access is via a check card or smartphone (Bluetooth).
Built-in door handles are designed for aerodynamics.
Anyone who has ever been in the 3rd model knows how the cockpit falls to the bottom.
In fact, there is only one steering wheel with two freely adjustable control keys, two steering column levers and a 15-inch touch screen.
Integrated head restraint seats provide good side support and are suitable for long distance travel.
The space is also sufficient for adults at the back. Good on cool days: The rear seat is heated.
The large panoramic glass roof provides a great impression of space and allows for completely new views.
As the shift lever is on the steering wheel, the central console has space for shelves and cup holders.
Usually we always criticize manufacturers for too many features on the touch screen. This is not the case with Tesla. While almost everything is controlled using the big display, …
… works just as easily as iPhone or iPad. The 15-inch monitor delivers superb graphics, quick response to teams, and easy access to both driver and front passenger. Here you can see the reverse camera.
Model 3 offers, among other things, access to Spotify, …
… web browser (only available when vehicle is stationary) and some …
… ridiculous but useless means like "fart" mode.