11:57, 12 November 2018
According to the study, by the end of the next decade, nearly 11 million children under the age of five in the world are at risk of death from viral or bacterial pneumonia. This follows from a study by the United States University of Baltimore Jones Hopkins Research and Assistance Organization Save the Children analysis published on World Anti-Pneumonia Day.
In developing countries
Although in the industrialized countries, most of the elderly develop pneumonia, they are mostly children in developing countries. According to the study, in 2016, more than 880,000 children, most of whom were under two years of age, died of the disease. Based on historical data, some African and South Asian countries are likely to be among the worst countries. For example, in Nigeria and India, 1.7 million deaths from pneumonia have been reduced to young children, 700,000 in Pakistan and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
At the same time, the authors of the study emphasized that many deaths could be prevented with relatively simple measures. For example, better vaccination, cheap antibiotics and good nutrition for children could save 4.1 million lives.
Despite the knowledge and resources
Save the kids, Major Kevin Watkins, said it was unbelievable that "every year nearly one million children die from the disease that we have the knowledge and resources to win." As for pneumonia, unlike other dangerous diseases, "there are no pink loops, no global peaks or strokes". "But anyone who cares for the justice of the children and their access to basic health care, this forgotten assassin must be the key to our age," said Watkins. Among other existing bacterial pneumonia vaccines, prices should be reduced "dramatically".
Even before malaria, diarrhea and measles
Every year, more children worldwide dying of pneumonia than malaria, diarrhea and measles together. The UN Sustainable Development Goals also include the "prevention of child death" by 2030. In total, 125 severe pneumococcal infections were registered in Austria in 2005. In 2017, 545 were in all age groups. In 2012, Austria included pneumococcal immunization in a free childhood vaccination program. It uses a vaccine that protects more than ten bacterial species. All adults over the age of 50 and those who are chronically ill are generally advised to be vaccinated. At present pharmacies operate discounted vaccines.