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Memorable Day: How Australia celebrated the First Prime Minister's Day 100 years ago



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November 11, 2018 05:00:00

As the Western Front broke out on the morning of November 11, 1918, Australia's first war correspondent, Charles Bean, noted that "the gate to the future is quietly open."

The fringe of the end of the First World War was signed at dawn, marking the conclusion of a four-year conflict that claimed more than 60,000 Australian lives.

Approval will take several hours to reach Australia, where crowds of crowds gathered in the streets as the first whisper of news.

In each city, people enjoyed the "end of the war to end all wars" – and began a new chapter in Australian history.

"Wild" antics in Sydney and Melbourne

Sydney, before the end of the war, celebrated the end of the war thanks to a false alarm on November 9th.

"There was a big flicker of emotion and excitement," said Ashley Ekins, the military head of the Australian War Memorial.

"And then again, only a few days later on the 11th day, it was reported that it was true.

"It was a wild day. And when the public holiday was announced on November 14th, it meant that they actually had two.

"They kept pubs and drink stores closed at this time, so things do not really get out of hand."

It was a different story in Melbourne, where it was impossible to include exaggerated people.

"The news was received and the church calls started calling with the factory hooters," Ekins said.

"The crowds in the city had quietly escaped control, and they drove tram cars and dropped into one of the office buildings in the front window.

"A lot of people [were] breaking into barracks and storming fireworks.

"There was even a call for people not to explode fireworks for the benefit of disabled soldiers, and especially those who suffer from whispers."

Theatrical performances stopped at Adelaide

Adelaide people were gathered outside the newspapers and post offices, waiting for news since the beginning of November 11th.

Pauline Cockrill of the South Australian History Trust said it was around 7:30 in the evening, when the first newspaper stated that the battles had stopped.

"This weekend at Adelaide Street, all the mills were connected to people who were just waiting for the messages to be announced," she said.

The Prime Minister made an informal statement outside Parliament's building.

"As the news came out, they sang patriotic songs, go up and down [the streets] with flags There was a group who practiced outside the train station so they also joined. "

The cinema and theater performances were stopped because the news broke out.

"There was just a jubileation," Ms Cockrill said.

"Everybody was very excited, singing and dancing – just a good time. After four years of war they were released."

Celebrations were followed by celebrations on November 14th, which included church services, a victory parade, and The Last Post soundtrack.

The news was ordered by rail

The parties continued in rural towns, as the news of breakdown came to cities.

"The news went to the post office or by rail," said M. Cockrill.

"People had gone to bed, but as soon as they heard the news they came out of the bed, these impregnated tin could attract groups – people simply fell in kerosene form and walked along the streets, patriotic songs singing."

The official announcement of Mount Gambier arrived on November 12th.

Local historian Graham Roulstone wrote in 2016 that in the 11th century, In the evening, crowds gathered in the main street when the rumor telegram began to enter a regional city.

"Mayor of Renfrey … commanded the town hall to talk, but warned that those who came to it would carefully focus on the news if it turned out to be false," he wrote.

"The crowd … began to disperse at 11:00, although others arrived later, and the city remained active until 4:00 the next morning."

At noon on November 12, Mayor Renfrey read a formal announcement to 4,000 people gathered in front of the city's chains that the war was over.

Kanungr Country Town in Queensland South East was not officially celebrated until November 30th.

But the Imperial celebrations began as locals heard the news, according to the Canungra resident Muriel Curtis, who published a book in the history of the district in 1975.

"The news was called to Kanungru, and it was a relief that people celebrated then and there," writes Curtis.

"In the hands of the mill, the work stopped and the whole head of the steam was blown off by blending the whistles, striking the fields around the kilometers."

"Funeral trip" Kaiser

The Victorian countryside, Kaniv, decided to delay official celebrations until 1919, when most of their troops returned home.

Resident Bruce Meyer said that the small community was hit hard by the death of local people.

"There are almost no families who did not have someone who went abroad," he said.

"I can look at the four relatives who were killed during the First World War and this is quite common.

"It's possible that they had to learn together for the 20 rugged families in which people inherited people."

On July 1919199, the city held a huge party featuring the appearance of Kaiser Wilhelm II.

This day was celebrated throughout the British Empire as a Peace Day, recognizing the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, which officially ended in war a month earlier.

The parties were not the end of trouble

According to Ashley Ekins, celebrations, however pleasing, could not offset the devastating effects of the war.

"The losses, of course, were extraordinary – 60,000 men, who really could not easily be replaced," he said.

"In many ways, Australia has been in the brink of a casualty in its interim years."

It was still necessary to help organize, it was a huge task to raise troops at home – a task that would take almost a year.

When at home they will face the challenge of transferring to the lives of civilians.

"The fact that these men came back to home, mostly changed with experience," Ekins said.

"They were from a visual point of view – never mind – on the other side of the world, fighting the war, which was probably impossible for most Australians.

"People at home never really knew what these men were doing."

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history

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nsw

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