Thursday , February 25 2021

World Diabetes Day: Everything to know about the disease – Taylam

On this date, the Argentine Diabetes Federation (FAD) published on its website a document to facilitate the spread of the disease, highlighting the importance of prevention in healthy living and diet, and early detection and care needed.

The NGO campaign brings a motto "Diabetes relates to each family". It began this year and will continue until 2019 to increase awareness of the impact of the disease on the family and the key role of this environment in care, prevention and education.

For its part, the National Agency for the Prevention and Control of Non-invasive Diseases published on its official website information on diabetes, its causes, prevention, detection and care, among others:

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar (glycemia). It is considered a chronic disease that does not have cure, but with observation and appropriate treatment, a person can prevent complications and lead a normal life.

In Argentina, more than 3,000,000 people are affected by diabetes. About half of those who suffer from it do not know their condition."

What are its causes?

Glucose, a sugar that comes from digestion of food we eat, circulates through blood and uses the body as a source of energy. Diabetes mellitus is a change in the production or operation of an insulin, a pancreatic hormone that acts as the main vehicle for promoting the transfer of glucose from blood to organs and tissues.

There are several types of diabetes.

In the case of Type 1 diabetes, insulin is not produced, therefore, the body does not have a key to opening the door to the tissue to open the sugar. It usually begins before the age of 30, and treatment requires an adequate nutrition plan and the application of insulin injections.

The most common form is type 2 diabetes. Although usually starting at age 40, the disease is more and more common in young people and adolescents. This type of diabetes is usually the result of overweight, obesity, poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyles. Although insulin is produced, it does not work well. The key does not match the lock so that the glucose traversing the tissues is complicated. Consequently, using one of the two mechanisms, glucose builds up in the bloodstream and the organisms shut down the fuel for its functioning.

An increase in glucose above normal values ​​is called hyperglycaemia. Prolonged hyperglycaemia without treatment can lead to complications in various organs such as the eyes, the kidneys, the heart, the arteries and legs.

How is the diagnosis diagnosed?

Diagnosis of diabetes is determined by measuring fasting blood glucose in the blood of the venous. Detection in capillary blood (finger joint puncture) is useful in controlling treatment in people receiving insulin, but it is not recommended to use it as a diagnostic method.

How is the disease

Diabetes can last for several years. This means that sometimes there are no symptoms, but they may appear over time:

A gradual tendency to skin infections
Increased dampening
Weight loss
Increased appetite
Urine production growth
Dry mouth

There are some situations that increase the risk of developing a disease:

Be over 45 years old
Parents or brothers or sisters with diabetes
Obesity or overweight
High blood pressure
Cardiovascular diseases
High cholesterol
Diabetes during pregnancy
Women with children weighing more than 4.5 kg.
If you have any of these symptoms or symptoms, go to the nearest health center to exercise control.

How can this be prevented?

Increase fruit and vegetable consumption
Avoid foods high in sodium (cold meats, sausages, dressings, coppetin products, cheeses, etc.).
Prepare without adding salt. Change it with parsley, basil, thyme, rosemary and other spices.
Take 6 daily meals: 4 main and 2 snacks
Use red or white meat (chicken or fish) no more than 5 times a week.
Take care of the body and avoid overweight.
Add daily at least 30 MIN hours of physical activity daily, using the stairs, walk, dance, etc., continuously or as an accumulation.
And very important, do not smoke. Even some cigarettes a day are very damaged in the arteries, especially those with diabetes mellitus.

Take into account …

People with diabetes are at increased risk of cholesterol, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. The prevention and control of these factors is a major aspect of the treatment of this disease. If you have diabetes, remind your doctor:
Weigh it, weigh it and press it.
Check your legs.
Calculate the overall cardiovascular risk at least once a year
Eye contact with dentist.
Ask if you should receive aspirin.

The procedure is based on four pillars


Healthy eating plan: (see feed link)


Physical activity (see link physical activity)


Pharmacological treatment: Oral or insulin injections and others, depending on the associated risk factors.


Diabetic education: Including knowledge of diseases and daily care strategies is an essential part of the treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases.

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