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Overdose and suicide reduce life expectancy in the United States

11-29-18.-Life expectancy in the United States will continue to decline in 2017 compared to 2014, historically worsening mainly due to the drug overdose crisis, but also due to adult suicides, according to health statistics released on Thursday.

"This is the first time we see a downward trend after the big epidemic of the 1918 flu," the AFP said in a report published by the Statistics Center on Health Statistics. However, Anderson pointed out that the fall was much stronger in 1918.

In 2017, life expectancy for men was 76.1 years for women and 81.1 years for women. The average population was 78.6 years, compared with 78.9 per cent in 2014.

In addition, they are three and a half years younger than Canada, on the other side of the border, and are also affected by overdoses.

"These stats warn us and show that we are losing many Americans very soon out of avoidance," said Robert Redfield, director of disease control and prophylaxis centers (CDCs).

The drug overdose member began in early 2000, and its intensity has increased over the last four years.

In 2017, approximately 70,000 Americans died of drug overdoses, an increase of 10% over 2016.

In terms of death, Anderson compared this situation with an increase in the HIV epidemic, but with one difference: it dropped sharply. A statistician expects overdoses to be the same. "We are a developed state, life expectancy must increase rather than decrease," he said.

Of the 35 OECD countries, only Iceland has recently seen a decline in life expectancy, according to indicators by 2016. In other places, it has increased or remained unchanged.

US suicide also continued to increase parallel to 2017, reaching 47,000 deaths. Since 1999, the number of suicides has increased by 33%.

"We have a lot to do to change these trends," Democrat Congressman Bill Foster said.

– opioids –

There are two overdose categories. One for non-opioid drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, and another for psychostimulants, which killed about 27,000 people.

But the increase is largely due to the second category: opiates.

It includes heroin, morphine and so-called semisynthritic opiates such as oxycodone, prescription painkillers, but are sold on the black market with doctors and laboratories who claim to ignore the problem and who are usually the gateway to addiction.

Recently, most deaths are from the new generation of drugs: synthetic opiates such as fentanyl, which are tens of times stronger than heroin, with which the lower dose error can be lethal. About 28,000 Americans died in 2017 from fentanyl or similar medicines.

"The opiate market is now fully managed by fentanyl," said The Washington Post, a letter from George Hopkins University, a former Maryland health official, Joshua Sharfstein.

The mortality of synthetic opiates doubled between 2015 and 2016. Last year it increased by 45%.

But the figures for 2017 revealed detailed information that gives rise to relative expectations: the number of overdoses continues to rise, but slower.

Preliminary data for 2018 even suggest that the crisis peaked at the beginning of this year. "But it's hard to say," because now it's only a few months now, said cautious Robert Anderson.

Staten Island, New York, Dr Harshal Kirane, Director of Addiction Service, avoids jumping to conclusions. "It is inspiring to see that the trajectory is undoubtedly curved," he told AFP. "But 70,000 dead, it's still hard to digest."

This mayor does not affect the whole country as much. The state of the center, from Texas to South Dakota, is relatively safe.

The crisis is acute in the northeastern corner of New England, where overdose deaths provide more than a quarter of the body's contributions to road traffic accidents.

It is also very strong in the two old industrial belts countries (Ohio and Pennsylvania), and especially in the very poor West Virginia, which stands in front of a ridiculous figure of 58 deaths per 100,000 people, compared with the national average of 22

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