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In 2018, 36 cases of leprosy were discovered in Mission

In 2018, 36 cases of leprosy were discovered in Mission

This was confirmed by the provincial Ministry of Health. What it is and how this disease is prevented.

This week, the Misiones Ministry of Health confirmed that there were 36 cases of disease in the province in 2018, which is a predictable indicator in the endemic region. It is known that this chronic infectious disease affects one in every 10,000 people twenty years ago and is known for its effects, but it is now much smaller and can be treated successfully.

"Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Leprae or Hansen bacillus that discovered bacillus in the 19th century. It is treated with antibiotics and cured. Since 1985, Argentina has adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) scheme with three concomitant medicines with a high degree of efficiency, ”explained dermatologist Raul Valdez in a dialogue with PERFIL.

The specialist added that "in the country 20 years ago, leprosy was a public health problem because every 10,000 inhabitants had one patient, but in 1983 the Argentine law was changed. Mandatory reception was no longer necessary.

Characteristics of leprosy:

– It mainly affects the skin and peripheral nerves

– It is curable

-There is usually a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain

– The transmission of the disease is direct and prolonged contact

-The area with the largest registered area is located in the north and northeastern provinces of the country: Misiones, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes.

-There is usually a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and pain.

-There is usually a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain.

In this context, the University of Australia Hospital Specialist provided detailed information on how the concept of illness has changed in recent years: "Litrologist Dr. Luis María Baliña is the one who proposed in 1983 a law that says" compulsory and free treatment "and no longer. is not "hospitalization" because it is more effective to give antibiotics than to restrict a person, and that is when the history of leprosy changes. ”

"There is a very significant drop in Argentina since 1985. There were only 300 cases of leprosy in the whole country in 2016," he added.

"Treatment for leprosy is effective and efficient," says doctor Raúl Valdez

"Today, the diagnosis becomes mild: a clinical trial is a biopsy, a bacteriological examination, and a day when the patient starts treatment. It is important that it is very effective and efficient, two weeks after receiving the patient stops becoming contagious and gives family peace, ”the specialist explained.

The specialist illustrated the stages of the disease:

– Incubation. If the patient comes and I suspect leprosy, the diagnosis can be made within 24 hours. Nevertheless, this person could incubate the disease for 1 or 2 years without knowing it.

-Symptoms The best doctor ally is pain, because if you hurt something, go to a professional. Leprosy affects not only the skin but also the peripheral nervous system, the patient does not feel. When you burn your shoes or have a nail, you don't feel it and it's amazing having a part of your body asleep or stain. The reason for the consultation is "I don't feel".

-Contacts. Infection occurs from person to person and with a close link, ie relatives. We say that spouses, people who live under one roof and who have housing contacts are our risk group. The infection mainly occurs with the nose of the mouth before it was thought to touch the skin, but it has not been proven. It takes intimate and long-lasting contact.

-Follow-up Feather treatment efficiency is 95%, which is very much in medicine. In order to provide a two-year pharmacological discharge to a patient with tension, it is that he does not take more medication, and he follows five years to find out if he is not recovering. In other words, partial release is provided.

Leprosarium "In 1929, when Pedro Baliña (father of Luis), dermatologist and leprologist proposed a mandatory hospitalization law, leprosari was established in Argentina, one of which was San Francisco de Cheñar (Cordoba) and another Baldomero Sommer (Buenos Aires), currently as a general hospital, ”said Valdez.

"There was a lot of leprosy that responded to this law, which in turn responded when there were no antibiotics. The only solution for the public was to isolate contagious patients, the same thing happened to those with tuberculosis. They isolated them," the specialist said. .

"In 1983, when Luis Baliña succeeded in changing the law, it was found that every leprosy state was granted free forced treatment rather than compulsory hospitalization, because it is more effective to give it antibiotics. It is more efficient and less costly, so leprosari was closed as such and open as health centers, ”he concluded.

(Source: profile)

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