Saturday , April 1 2023

how it spreads and what are the symptoms of the disease


Hantavirus outbreak with Argentina and Chileand who already claimed life ten people, has turned on warning lights in the local and national health system limiting the outbreak and preventing the spread of the disease.

However virus, its symptoms and preventive measures are not routine management society as a whole. That is why the National Ministry of Health and Social Development published a number of details into account at the time of preventing any kind of infection, what we describe in more detail below:

What is it?

Hantavirus is a serious acute viral disease caused by Hanta virus. Wild mice (mostly long tails) pass it on to humans by removing the virus in saliva, stool and urine.

How is it sent?

  1. Inhalation: occurs when we breathe in an open or closed area (sheds, orchards, lawns) where the infected rodent stool or urine releases a virus that pollutes the environment.
  2. By direct contact: by touching infected live or dead rodents or stools or urine of these rodents.
  3. With infected rodent bites.
  4. Interpersonal: It can be transferred between people, in close contact with the first symptoms of the infected person within days, through the airways.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms resemble flu-like condition: fever, muscle pain, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. In a few days, breathing problems can occur, which can be exacerbated by producing what is known as "hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome", which can cause death if the person is not hospitalized in time.

How can this be prevented?

  1. Avoid coexistence with rodents and contact with their secretion.
  2. Prevent rodents from entering or nesting at home.
  3. Cover doors, walls and pipes.
  4. Perform cleaning (floors, walls, doors, tables, drawers and cabinets) with one bleach portion of nine water (leave for 30 minutes and then rinse). To remove dust, moisten the floor before sweeping.
  5. Place gardens and firewood more than 30 meters from home, trim grass and weeds up to a 30 meter radius around the house.
  6. Ventilate at least 30 minutes before entering the enclosed areas (houses, sheds), cover the mouth and nose with the N95 chin before entering.
  7. When camping separates weeds and dumps, stay overnight on the ground and consume drinking water.
  8. If a live rodent is found: use a poison for rodents or traps to catch it (don't try to touch it or do it). Contact your municipality if a pest control service is available.
  9. If a dead rodent is found, spray it with a bleach with everything that might be in contact and wait at least 30 minutes. Then take it with gloves and dispose of it more than 30 cm deep or burn.
  10. People with symptoms of the disease should go to a health care facility to consult and avoid close contact with other people.

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