In the last few weeks, cases of hantavirus in the small town of Epuyen began to register in Chubut Province. The latest figures increase the number of fatalities to ten, together with 28 infected people, although they still investigated another 60 cases of suspects. The death of two girls in Entre Ríos is also being studied.
In the light of this disease warning, an explanation of this is provided in this note what is it, what are the symptoms of how the hantavirus is transmitted, treated and eliminated.
The Public Health Secretariat on its official website explained that hantavirus is a serious acute viral disease caused by Hanta virus. Wild mice (mostly long tails) pass it on to humans by removing the virus in saliva, stool and urine.
One type of transfer is inhalation. This is the most common cause and occurs when breathing occurs in an open or closed area, such as sheds, orchards or pastures, where the infected rodent stools or urine release the virus that pollutes the environment. Another way is direct contact, that is, by touching infected live or dead rodents or the faeces or urine of these rodents.. Pollution can also occur if it is caused by infected rodents, or it can be transmitted between people by contacting someone infected during the first day of symptoms through the airways.
What are the symptoms?
Hantavirus symptoms They resemble the flu state: fever, muscle pain, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea.
In a few days, breathing problems may occur, which can be aggravated by what is known as "hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome", that can cause death if the person is not hospitalized in time.
There is no specific disease treatment. Hospital institutions should help those with cardiovascular syndrome due to hantavirus.
Missions, endemic area
In Argentina, four endemic regions have been identified: Northern (Salta, Jujuy), Centro (Buenos Aires, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos), Northeast (Misiones) and Sur (Neuquén, Río Negro and Chubut).. To prevent this disease, it is important to avoid coexistence with rodents and contact with them; that rodents come home or nest; cover holes in doors, walls and tubes, clean with a portion of bleach, every nine water, moisten the floor before sweeping to avoid dust. , sheds).
If a live rodent is found: use a poison for rodents or traps to catch it (don't try to touch it or do it). If someone is dead: spray it with bleach along with anything that might have been in contact and wait at least 30 minutes.