About 33 000 people die each year in Europe annually resistance to antibiotics, that is because none of the available medicines can be killed bacteria which infects them, says a study published on Tuesday.
Since 2007, the number of cases has increased and there are significant differences between countries, according to a study group report published by the specialized journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
The number of deaths is the same for all those year-round "Influenza, tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS" a study based on the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net), said a joint study of 28 members of the European Union (EU), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.
The children up to one year old and over 65 years of age they are the most vulnerable groups and countries with more cases were Italy and Greece.
Approximately 75 percent of infections with bacterial strains resistant to antibiotics are produced in hospitals and other institutions of the health care system, experts point out.
In 39 percent of cases, patients are infected with bacteria that are not classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as antibiotics even for "reserves", i.e. as the last resort to carbapenems or colistin. When this point is reached, treatment is very complicated or sometimes impossible, the study emphasizes.
To improve the situation, they propose a joint effort between medical and political systems, which also includes prescribe and use antibiotics only if it is really necessary. In addition, we must comply with hygiene rules, in particular in hospitals, and identify patients with resistant bacteria. Finally, it is necessary to investigate new antibiotic substances.
Data for 2015 were used for a report prepared by experts from Solna (Sweden), the headquarters of the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).