Almost six out of ten mothers (58%) aged 20-40 years with children between 0 and 5 years said that it was somewhat or very hard to maintain a healthy diet at home. This difficulty increases in the lower socio-economic strata (NSEs) (65%) and in families with 3 or more children (76%). In addition, 88% of women are responsible for choosing homemade dishes, and 95% are those who usually cook.
These are some conclusions from an online survey of 300 mothers between the ages of 20 and 40 with children from 0 to 5 years of age from CABA and Big Buenos Aires, which took place from 15 to 24 this year. In September, consultant Luis Costa & Asoc. following the Health Revolution, is an initiative aimed at changing habits of people's behavior in order to improve the quality of life.
"Although we might assume that it is more difficult to maintain a healthy family basket at a lower socioeconomic level, these values are a real warning signal, the worse diet significantly increases the risk of overweight and obesity and what we see more vulnerable strata," said cardiologist Jorge Tartaglione , President of the Argentine Cardiology Foundation (FCA) and facilitator of the Healthy Revolution.
In Argentina, according to data from the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO / WHO) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Food Security Panorama 7.3. % of children aged 5 years and over are obese.
On the other hand, according to the statistics of the National Health Ministry, 30% of school-age children are overweight and 6% are obese. This situation is partly explained by the obesogenic food context in which the consumption of food (bread, cheese, cold meat, wine and beer to give some examples) increases, and highly processed foods (snacks, ice cream, hamburgers, chocolates, bills, sweets biscuits and pizza, as well as many others), which enriches a lot of sugar and sodium, as well as lower total consumption of fruits and vegetables.
"Given the problem of overweight and obesity at an early age, a" healthy revolution 0-5 ", an initiative set up on the Healthy Revolutionary Platform, aims to provide older children between 0 and 5 years of age with useful tools to combat childhood obesity epidemic. It happens that in childhood it is much easier and more efficient to integrate healthy habits than trying to modify unhealthy behaviors in adulthood, "said cardiologist Fiorella Tartaglione of Trinidad Mitere Sanitarium, FCA Executive Committee member and Healthy Revolutionary.
The survey also showed that receiving information to decide whether a product is healthy or not has a significant effect on the choice of household food. Though 79% said they were very or sufficiently informed, each in five (20%) admits they consider themselves "little or not informed." And the segmentation of responses found that the difficulty in choosing a healthy diet dropped to 51% of the informed and rose to 89% of those who did not.
By studying the choice of food groups, 82% of informed mothers reported vegetable consumption and 67% less informed mothers; one of the fruits, 80 vs, 71% and of skin milk, 56 vs 36%
Poorly informed was the higher influx of other groups, such as water with or without gas (82% vs. 71%), red meat (83% vs. 71%), sweet biscuits (74% vs. 64%), whole milk (59 vs 51% ), sausages (56 vs 48%), meat meats (56 vs 47%), baby desserts (49 vs 33%), frozen (41 vs 33%) and non-alcoholic beverages (40 vs 33%)).
In the same line when consumption is opened at a socio-economic level, the consumption of all types of products is shown in the lower layers, except for sweet biscuits, sausages and soft drinks in both conventional and lightweight versions.
"It's important to observe how these well-informed mothers choose healthier groups when choosing foods, which show us the importance of education and home delivery, by providing practical tips to help them make better choices," said Tartaglione. .
Talk about what aspects they prefer at home when it comes to adult nutrition, prioritized in this order: health 45%, ease of preparation 27% and taste 26%. On the other hand, poorly informed prefers ease of preparation – 54%, health – 23% and taste – 22%.
Before one consultation, but with reference to feeding their children, information that is relevant when the food is healthy (64%), taste (20%) and ease of preparation (14%), but little informed chooses health 49%, ease of preparation 30% and taste in 19% of cases.
Among the other survey results, and all respondents who exceeded their level of information, asked to assess the state of health, 65% considered it bad or very bad for the population and 66% of children assessed the health of children. However, asked about their health status, 83% said it was good and very good.
As a major health problem for Argentina, they first mention drug use with 27%, obesity and overweight with 14% and stress with 12%, followed by cancer and malnutrition (every 10%). and cardiovascular diseases (8%). Conditions such as smoking and drinking alcohol were mentioned only 1 and 3% respectively.
"Although this answer goes beyond the main objectives of the survey, it also tells us about our reality and the real concerns of our citizens, at least for women who are mothers of small children, in this respect, the medicine goes well beyond any other health concerns until the practical recall of the intangible values for two very serious problems, such as smoking and alcoholism, "reflected Tartaglione.
When asked about the frequency with which nutrition information is read, 42% do it always or almost always., but 53% do it a few times or sometimes and 5% never considers them. Among the information that is being consulted, the first positions cover the period (67%), components (42%), sugar (35%) and total saturated and trans fatty acids (35%), nutrition information (34% of the reports) and energy / calorie value (32%).
Another aspect that was part of the survey was the frequency of delivery of food through delivery: 3 out of 10 (30%) said it was once a week or more and the most needed products were pizza and poppy (84%), ice cream ( 37%), barbecue (24%), sandwiches / hamburgers (23%), milanies (21%), chinese food (14%), japanese (13%), pies (9%) and pasta 8%).
For out-of-home food, 22% eat at least once a week, and when it comes with their children, they estimate that the place is entertaining (41%), that it is economically accessible (31%), and in only 19% of cases a privileged choice of healthy food.
"Undoubtedly, situations in which cooking is not carried out at home, both during meals and during meals, are scenarios in which most people prefer tastes and entertainments about healthy dietary guidelines. This is an issue that is also relevant to work, of course, by sharing healthy counseling with the public, and inviting stores to include more offers on different and more frequent food sources. "Tartaglione is finished.